Internet of Things (IoT) infrastructure is projected to hit 25-30 billion devices by the early 2020s21, with a significant number of these devices located in our homes. This exponential growth creates a huge opportunity for malicious parties to hack into our homes and gain sensitive information.
Worryingly, we’re anticipating a global shortfall of cybersecurity specialists of up to 1.8 million by 2022. Our current cybersecurity sector, where only 12% of workers are under 35 and few female recruits are being hired22, has created a perfect storm that threatens to compromise our workplaces, infrastructure and homes.
Ralph Langner, the cybersecurity expert whose team reverse-engineered the first known ‘digital weapon’ Stuxnet, believes that a hyper-connected world could be incredibly difficult to secure from malicious digital attacks23:
“The world looks much less cyber-safe in 2030 than today […] it’s going to be extremely difficult, and in some cases maybe even impossible, to reverse course and go back to less complex architectures that we actually understand and manage to secure.”
Cybersecurity is already a huge priority for businesses. Two-thirds of companies have experienced some form of attack and annual losses as a result of cyber attacks top $9.5 million per annum24. This will become a primary concern for homeowners as well, as securing homes from digital intrusion becomes more critical to ensure our comfort and safety.
Many so-called smart homes are currently ill-equipped to deal with digital threats. The 2016 Dyn cyber attack, described as ‘the largest in history’, infected printers, routers, IP cameras and even baby monitors in US homes with Mirai malware, and then used them as a springboard to launch a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack on several major consumer sites, including PayPal, Twitter, Netflix, Amazon and Spotify25.
“Right now, security cameras and alarm systems are the most popular systems being installed by smart home specialists. We expect to add digital security services to this list as customers become more aware of the dangers that a malicious hack can wreak upon their homes. Cyber protection will become a service that is very much in demand.”
– Wojtek Zajac, Technology Director at Andrew Lucas
While cybersecurity remains an unresolved worry, physical security systems are likely to become much more secure in the coming years. Facial recognition could rapidly identify whether someone should be allowed inside a property and inform the homeowner about it. Meanwhile, biometric-based virtual credentials are expected to replace standard documentation by 203026. This will create a single digital identity that could be used to make payments, confirm an identity and even permit access to properties.
Other technology will join the sensors, cameras and sirens of a present-day smart security system. Drones could patrol a property's boundaries and feed back real-time information27. Inside, smart products whose primary function is not security-based – such as a robot vacuum cleaner – could be sent to investigate a triggered alarm.
The Smart Home of the Future White Paper looks into the following areas:
Click the links below to go to each section.
About the White Paper series
Designed and produced by Andrew Lucas, the Smart Home White Paper series explores several important aspects of the connected home and offers insight on how this exciting sector is evolving. Drawing heavily on the expertise of our award-winning smart home specialists Andrew Lucas London and our virtual reality division Andrew Lucas Studios, these White Paper publications offer a credible overview based on more than a decade of experience and knowledge of the above sectors.